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Choosing Between Different Roof Coverings for your home?

Posted by christiane savaria on May 11, 2021
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The roof will be one of the most dominant features of your new home, accounting for 20-30 per cent of the exterior visible area of your house.

Nowadays there are so many types and styles of roofing materials that trying to choose the proper one for your roof can be a really tough work.

Here you can find an overview of the different types and the most suitable roofing Coverings for each roof shape.



Metal

Metal roofing has been an architectural staple for thousands of years. The most common type of metal roof is the standing seam roof,

Metal is a somewhat specialised roofing material. It’s laid in sheet form and the two most popular metals currently being used are zinc and copper.

 it is popular in regions with heavy snowfall or where  a notable danger of wild fires since this is a roofing material that is fully fireproof.

they  cost between $6 to $14 per square foot depending on design and material.

Pros and cons

  • While metal roofing can come in a variety of colors, you can also paint some styles.
  • Metal is noisy (some like it, some don’t).
  • May warp or develop ripples with improper installation
  • Recyclable
  • Metal is extremely dangerous to walk on when it is wet.
  •  Lightweight
  •    Requires specialized labor to install and repair
  •   Durable




Wood

Wood roofs are very attractive, but they are also quite expensive and have limitations They are commonly made of cedar, but can also be made of other rot resistant woods, such as redwood. and they are created from cedar trees that are between 200 and 300 years old.

Wood roofs are most popularly constructed with the following types of wood:

  • Cedar shingles
  • Teak shingles
  • Wallaba shingles
  • Composite shingles
  • Cedar shakes
  • Pine shakes


Pros & Cons

  • It can burn and cause widespread fires
  • Curb appeal
  • The natural properties consisting of oily resins and high gum exudates, protects the wood against insect attack and decay
  • Natural material
  • Susceptible to water damage, mold, mildew and rot
  • they can cost around $6 to $10 per square foot.
  • High-maintenance
  •  In relatively dry climates a wood shingle or shake roof can last 60 years; in damp conditions, you may only get 20 years from the roof.
  •  May require treatment with fire retardants and chemical preservatives



Slate

Slate is a natural stone with a unique, beautiful appearance. A slate roof is perhaps  the most beautiful roofing material there is,as it adds elegance to a property.

Slate as a roofing material is just plain gorgeous and has been used by architects for hundreds of years, because of its beauty.

Slate looks good in both traditional and modern designs and is a fairfor roof covering.

Pros

  • slate is a fire-resistant
  • environmentally friendly roof
  •  installing slate is a highly specialized skill
  • Long lifespan
  • Low-maintenance
  • It is also water resistant
  • Durable ( 100 years)
  •  Colors include gray, blue, green, brown and red

Cons

  •    extremely heavy
  •    high  Cost
  •    May need extra structural support for its weight
  •    It is also very expensive to install


Asphalt Roofing

Asphalt roofing is the most common form of roof covering in the United States.

Made from a fiberglass base topped with asphalt and mineral granules, these three-tab shingles are an all-around good choice for most home roofing needs.

There are many kinds of asphalt shingles on the market, including Energy Star certified products that may be eligible for a tax credit.

Note :

 asphalt shingles are the most affordable shingle to install but they are thinner, have an organic-mat paper base, and wear out more quickly than fiberglass or architectural shingles.

 They typically come with a 20- to 30-year warranty, and replacing individual shingles that are damaged is a fairly easy job.

Pros

  • Works well in most climates
  • Recyclable
  •  They are economical,
  •  Easy to find
  •  they hold up well to extreme temperatures
  • Asphalt is very fire retardant,
  • Comes in a variety of colors

Cons

  • they are not particularly resistant when exposed to cold winters and extremely hot summers.
  • Color fades with sun exposure
  • Short lifespan.



green roofs

Vegetated roofs, also called ‘green roofs’, are slowly advancing.

In fact, these are nothing new – being commonly used in parts of Scandinavia and Scotland for hundreds of years

Green roofs (or living roofs) cover your home with vegetation like grasses or native wildflowers that support pollinators.

Pros

  • It can put oxygen back in the air,
  •   Durable
  •  it allow you to grow plants.
  • Supports the environment
  • the reduced cost of air conditioning in summer and heating in the winter

Cons

  • absorb rainwater,
  • Gardening and water maintenance
  •  Needs extra structural support for weight and water.
  • Requires specialized labor
  • a green roof is rather expensive.
  •  Such roofs will also require regular maintenance to keep them lasting a long time.


Clay


Clay tile roofing is one of the oldest forms of roofing.They are commonly used because they look good and provide strong protection from the elements.

Clay tile is made from earthen clays molded into rolled or interlocking shapes and fired for hardness. but require significant energy to be made.

 It is often left unglazed, with the characteristic reddish-orange color;

Clay tile is a very long-lasting roofing material that can last more than a century.

Pros

  • it won’t be  rot or burn
  •   Low-maintenance
  •  it can’t be harmed by insects
  •   Colors include terracotta, red, brown and gray
  • Eco-friendly
  • Regulates temperature inside the home

Cons

  • May require specialized labor to install and repair
  • A major problem of clay tiles is the immense loss due to cracking and breakage.
  • May need extra structural support for its weight

Note

Having an absorption rate of only 6% means they take in less water than their concrete counterparts and are able to remain lightweight.


Concrete

Concrete tile is an alternative to clay tile, with similar installation techniques and similar advantages.

Concrete tiles are molded from standard sand-mix concrete colored to whatever hues are desired.

These early tiles were made by hand but as time went on, modern production methods have made concrete roof tiles one of the least expensive roof tile options on the market.

Concrete tiles are made to look like wood shakes, clay tiles, and slate tiles and are very attractive.

Advantages

  • less water absorption
  • Easy to install
  • it has better mechanical resistance
  • Large range of shapes and colours
  • Advisable for colder climates, since they resist frost and winds better.
  • These tiles are fire resistant
  •  lifespan of a concrete tile to be anywhere in the region of 50-60 years
  •  Flat concrete tiles are very suited for modern architecture
  •  it can’t be harmed by insects

 disadvantages

  •  they don’t always weather in the same way as the original items do, and can have a shorter life-expectancy, depending on the product.
  • Concrete is very heavy
  • These tiles age faster than clay roof tiles.
  • It is a very heavy roofing material, making it a good choice in high-wind regions.
  • They have many of the same maintenance requirements as clay.
  • The concrete roof tiles are sensitive to moss formation.



Polymer Roofing

Roof plastics are among the most durable, reliable, and lightweight types of roofing materials you can find today.

Plastic polymer roofing is a man-made polymer roofing material, which  Most polymer roofing is made by melting down recycled plastics,

 they’re becoming increasingly popular for residential roofs because of the advantages that they have to offer.

Advantages

  • It is light to moderate in weight
  • installation is easy
  • It can last twice as long as some other products (especially materials like cedar shake).
  • This low maintenance roofing has a long-life span
  • polymer surfaces are smooth
  • Plastic polymer roofing is moderately priced and is good against both wind and fire.
  • installation is easy
  • It makes for easy ice and snow removal, with less wear and tear.

Disadvantages

  •  polymer roofing is a bit cost prohibitive.
  • Polymer is not a good insulator.
  •  If visual appeal is a top priority, plastic polymer shingles may not be the best option.
  • Environmental Issues



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see also

some Common Roof Problems And ways to fix them

Tips for preventing water damage

Home Maintenance for the Fall and winter Season

see photos of a beautiful house

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